Conda is an open source package management system and environment management system for installing multiple versions of software packages and their dependencies and switching easily between them. It works on Linux, OS X and Windows, and was created for Python programs but can package and distribute any software.
Conda is included in Anaconda and Miniconda. Conda is also included in the Continuum subscriptions of Anaconda, which provide on-site enterprise package and environment management for Python, R, Node.js, Java, and other application stacks. Conda is also available on pypi, although that approach may not be as up-to-date.
Miniconda is a small “bootstrap” version that includes only conda, Python, and the packages they depend on. Over 720 scientific packages and their dependencies can be installed individually from the Continuum repository with the “conda install” command.
Anaconda includes conda, conda-build, Python, and over 150 automatically installed scientific packages and their dependencies. As with Miniconda, over 250 additional scientific packages can be installed individually with the “conda install” command.
pip install conda uses the released version on pypi. This version allows you to create new conda environments using any python installation, and a new version of Python will then be installed into those environments. These environments are still considered “Anaconda installations.”
The conda command is the primary interface for managing Anaconda installations. It can query and search the Anaconda package index and current Anaconda installation, create new conda environments, and install and update packages into existing conda environments.
Presentations & Blog Posts¶
- python 2.7, 3.4, or 3.5
What’s new in conda 4.1?¶
This release contains many small bug fixes for all operating systems, and a few special fixes for Windows behavior. The changelog contains a complete list of changes.
Notable changes for all systems Windows, OS X and Linux:
- Channel order now matters. The most significant conda change is that when you add channels, channel order matters. If you have a list of channels in a .condarc file, conda installs the package from the first channel where it’s available, even if it’s available in a later channel with a higher version number.
- No version downgrades. Conda remove no longer performs version downgrades on any remaining packages that might be suggested to resolve dependency losses; the package will just be removed instead.
- New YAML parser/emitter. PyYAML is replaced with ruamel.yaml, which gives more robust control over yaml document use. More on ruamel.yaml
- Shebang lines over 127 characters are now truncated (Linux, OS X
only). Shebangs are
the first line of the many executable scripts that tell the operating
system how to execute the program. They start with
#!. Most OSes don’t support these lines over 127 characters, so conda now checks the length and replaces the full interpreter path in long lines with
/usr/bin/env. When you’re working in a conda environment that is deeply under many directories, or you otherwise have long paths to your conda environment, make sure you activate that environment now.
- Changes to conda list command. When looking for packages that aren’t installed with conda, conda list now examines the Python site-packages directory rather than relying on pip.
- Changes to conda remove command. The command
conda remove --allnow removes a conda environment without fetching information from a remote server on the packages in the environment.
- Conda update can be turned off and on. When turned off, conda will
not update itself unless the user manually issues a conda update command.
Previously conda updated any time a user updated or installed a package
in the root environment. Use the option
conda config set auto_update_conda false.
- Improved support for BeeGFS. BeeGFS is a parallel cluster file system for performance and designed for easy installation and management. More on BeeGFS
Windows-only changes include:
- Shortcuts are no longer installed by default on Windows. Shortcuts can
now be installed with the
--shortcutsoption. Example 1: Install a shortcut to Spyder with
conda install spyder --shortcut. Note if you have Anaconda (not Miniconda), you already have this shortcut and Spyder. Example 2: Install the open source package named
console_shortcut. When you click the shortcut icon, a terminal window will open with the environment containing the
console_shortcutpackage already activated.
conda install console_shortcut --shortcuts
- Skip binary replacement on Windows. Linux & OS X have binaries that are coded with library locations, and this information must sometimes be replaced for relocatability, but Windows does not generally embed prefixes in binaries, and was already relocatable. We skip binary replacement on Windows.
See the changelog for a complete list of changes.